Free Willy Mapped: List of Captive Orcas

World Orca Day comes each year on July 14th. The day celebrates wild killer whales mostly abundant in the cold waters of Antarctica, Norway, and Alaska. But it also includes the 103 orcas—living and deceased—held in captivity.

At the time of writing, 59 captive killer whales are alive around the world, one is classified as “escaped,” and 43 have died in captivity since the first orca was captured in 1961.

We’ll dive into where most of the list of captive orcas are located, how many are held in various SeaWorlds, and the most common breed and origin of the world’s captive killer whales.

You can sort captive orcas by gender, breed, origin, age, status, cause of death, and more on the map below.

View Mapped List of Captive Orcas in a full screen map

Where Most Orcas in Captivity Are Located

Corky II during a Shamu show at SeaWorld San Diego

Of the 103 captive killer whales on the map, nearly 60% are or were located in one of eight places—and not all are SeaWorld. So let’s dive into the list of captive orcas and where most reside.

  • SeaWorld San Diego – 14 orcas
  • Washington U.S. – 10
  • SeaWorld Orlando – 9
  • Loro Parque, Spain – 8
  • SeaWorld San Antonio – 6
  • Kamogawa Sea World – 5
  • Marineland of Antibes – 4
  • Chimelong Ocean Kingdom – 4

While not all are SeaWorld, it’s still the top location. In fact, all three U.S. SeaWorld locations have held or currently hold at least six killer whales. Of course, San Diego (the first location, which opened in 1964) has held the most.

SeaWorld’s Captive Killer Whales

As for the SeaWorld orcas names: Corky II (the longest-held captive orca in the world and largest female in captivity), Ikaika, Kalia, Keet, Makani, Nakai, Orkid, Shouka, and Ulises (the oldest and largest male in captivity) reside there at the time of writing. Amaya, Baby Shamu ll, Kandu, Kasatka, and Winston lived there prior to their death.

SeaWorld Orlando houses Makaio, Malia, Nalani, Trua, and Katina (Kandu 6) currently, and was the home of Kalina (Baby Shamu), Kayla, Taima, and the infamous Tilikum of Blackfish. San Antonio’s SeaWorld whales names include Kamea, Kyuquot, Sakari, Takara, and Tuar, along with the deceased Kyara.

Very little is known about the 10 orcas that were captured and later died near Washington state, though all were between September 1962 and August 1970. Let’s move on to different waters: breed and origin of these captive killer whales.

Twelve Breeds of Orcas

Many are surprised to learn there are different types of orcas. But within the waters of the world and among the many different species of ocean life swim killer whales of various breeds.

As 62 of the world’s captive orcas were captured or rescued from the wild, different breeds of killer whales can be found in the same tanks at SeaWorld and other marine parks. So let’s see which breeds we’re actually seeing when we visit these parks.

Breed Number of captive orcas
100% Icelandic 33
100% Russian Transient 21
Unknown (Southern Resident?) 10
100% Southern Resident 5
75% Icelandic – 25% Southern Resident 4
100% Japanese 4
87.5% Icelandic – 12.5% Southern Resident 3
50% Icelandic – 50% Southern Resident 2
50% Icelandic – 50% Northern Resident 2
100% Russian 2
100% Northern Resident 2
100% Argentinian Transient 2

The table above shows the breeds of more than one captive orca. Most (~87%) of the world’s captive orcas are Icelandic, Russian, or Southern (from Washington state’s Puget Sound) Resident—or at least some part of the three.

When describing orca breeds, Resident typically indicates those that eat fish while those that eat seals, sea lions, and other mammals are deemed Transient.

Notable captive Icelandic whales include Keiko (Free Willy) along with Tilikum and Katina from SeaWorld Orlando.

Of the Russian variety are Tyson and Nukka now located in Zhuhai, China’s Chimelong Ocean Kingdom. In fact, all four of the park’s killer whales are 100% Russian Transient. Southern Residents Winston and Kandu were kept at SeaWorld San Diego.

This leaves 13 captive killer whales of another breed such as Japanese, Northern Resident, or Argentinian Transient.

Orcas’ Origins into Captivity

Where these whales came from before captivity is also of interest. Two of the world’s most famous orcas: Free Willy‘s Keiko and Blackfish‘s Tilikum were wild-captured. But the same can’t be said for all of the 103 killer whales on the map. Here’s a breakdown:

  • Captured: 60 killer whales
  • Captive born: 41
  • Rescued: 2
Tilikum, captured in November ​​1983 performing at SeaWorld Orlando

Whether whales are your favorite or not, here are four more animal maps to check out:

Whether these animals are on the land, in the sea, or stored in your spreadsheets, you can easily map their locations with BatchGeo. Create a map for free.

Is McDonald’s Ice Cream Machine Broken? The Mechanisms of McBroken

Website McBroken answers the universal question of every human being on the planet: “Is the McDonald’s ice cream machine broken?”

More specifically, the site’s map informs you of the working or broken status of all McDonald’s ice cream machines near you (and every McDonald’s location in the US). Green map markers indicate the location’s machine is working while red markers mean a broken machine.

McBroken also provides a statistical overview of McFlurry makers in big cities like New York, Dallas, Philadelphia, Houston, San Antonio, San Jose, Phoenix, Chicago, Washington, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, Boston, and Seattle, in order, along with an overall broken percentage of all the machines in the U.S. (9.13% at the time of writing).

So how does McBroken do it for every person’s nearest McDonald’s at any given second to ensure you get your McDonald’s ice cream cone? Let’s take a look.

McBroken Behind the Scenes: A Background

First, a bit of background. The site was created by software engineer Rashiq Zahid. In October 2020, Zahid announced via Twitter that he “reverse engineered mcdonald’s internal ordering api. . . to figure out which locations have a broken ice cream machine.”

His method? He “plac[es] an order for a mcsundae every minute at every mcdonald’s location in the US.” This can total up to $18,752 each time.

The response was immediate. Twitter users thanked Zahid for his soft-service and some said he deserved a Nobel Peace Prize (check out his Nobel Prize competition here).

So why is McBroken such an innovative idea? The $1 vanilla soft-serve ice cream at McDonald’s (along with all McFlurries, McShakes, and other treats) is almost universally popular. Yet, as shown by this McDonalds ice cream machine meme, everyone knows successfully getting ice cream cones McDonalds is a gamble. The ice cream machine always seems to be broken. And when it happened to Zahid in July 2020, he started working on McBroken. So let’s explore how the API works.

McBroken’s API Explained

We’ll start with the basics: what is an API? API stands for “Application Programming Interface.” They give applications the ability to exchange data and functionality with other applications. Any time a website or application you’re using pulls information from another source, it’s likely doing so via that source’s API.

For example, when you use a travel aggregator to find a flight, the service is getting those results by using the providers’ APIs. While website pages are limited by their purpose of displaying information to us humans, our applications can skip past that limitation and get immense amounts of data quickly from a source’s API.

In McBroken’s case, Zahid first identified how McDonald’s communicates with their online ordering mobile app. It refuses orders for any items that are unavailable at a specific location. So, if a customer can’t add ice cream to their cart, it’s because the app reads that the location’s ice cream machine is broken from the API.

To know which locations’ ice cream machines were working vs. broken, Zahid must periodically order ice cream at every North America McDonald’s location, which he does automatically using a bot. Based on which locations accept his orders, he can identify those with working ice cream machines, which he shares on McBroken.

Applications can levy the power of companies such as McDonald’s thanks to their APIs. Other tasks made possible with APIs include signing in with your Google account on non-Google sites, and, of course, maps.

Make an Easy Map Without an API

Luckily, if you want to make your own map, like the one below, you don’t need to use an API yourself.

View McBroken Los Angeles in a full screen map

If you have any location data, here’s how to make an interactive map by simply copying and pasting from the spreadsheet tool of your choice (Excel, Google Sheets, etc.)

  1. Open your spreadsheet
  2. Select (Ctrl+A or Cmd+A) and copy (Ctrl+C or Cmd+C) your data
  3. Open your web browser and navigate to batchgeo.com
  4. Click on the location data box with the example data in it, then paste (Ctrl+V or Cmd+V) your own data
  5. Check to make sure you have the proper location data columns available by clicking “Validate and Set Options”
  6. Select the proper location column from each drop-down
  7. Click “Make Map” and watch as the geocoder performs its process

You can customize your marker colors to match your map’s content (in our case, green for “Working” machines and red for “Broken.” Plus, you have your choice of the shape of your markers along with six different map styles for the ultimate customization.

Find out more about making your own Google map here.

A Map of Colleges with the Most NBA Players

How many players are in the National Basketball Association (NBA)? The premier men’s professional basketball league is made up of 30 teams of 15 players. As that’s 450 athletes, the NBA is always on the lookout for rising talent.

Since the annual NBA draft began in 1947, it’s been the source of athletes for NBA teams—and NCAA college basketball players are often the focus. Of course, LeBron James and Dwight Howard were famously recruited out of high school—but since 2000, 247 NBA players have been drafted from one of 75 colleges.

So what college has the most NBA players and where did most of the first overall draft picks go to school? Find out on the map below.

View Colleges with the Most NBA Players in a full screen map

Duke vs Kentucky: #1 College with Most NBA Players

Zion Williamson playing for Duke

Where do basketball players prepare to join the big leagues? College. Seventy-five schools have sent at least one player to the pros via the draft—and six have sent players in the double digits to the NBA.

  • Duke (20 players)
  • Kentucky (20)
  • Kansas (14)
  • North Carolina (12)
  • Arizona (10)
  • UConn (10)

In total, 86 NBA players attended Duke, Kentucky, or one of the other colleges listed above. NCAA basketball fans will find it unsurprising that most draftees were alumni of Kentucky or Duke before going into the NBA.

In addition to sending 20 players each since 2000, both colleges top the charts with the number of first overall draft picks, which we’ll cover in the next section. They also rank among the top for NCAA championship wins, though Kentucky has a few more W’s under their belt, as we found in NCAA Tournament Map: Who Has the Most Wins?

Karl-Anthony Towns playing for Kentucky

First draft pick Andrew Wiggins is an alumn of Kansas, along with 13 other collegiates-turned-NBA-players. And while no number 1 draft picks—at least in this century—have come from North Carolina, 12 Tar Heels were chosen in various draft picks from the college. Top NBA franchises have also selected 10 players from both Arizona and UConn—while Texas is just one pick away from joining a three-way tie.

These colleges are most frequently attended by basketball players who move on to the NBA. Now let’s see if they continue to stack up when it comes to #1 draft picks.

Schools with the Most First Draft Picks

The NBA draft consists of two rounds of 30 picks, so when a player is selected first, it’s an indication of desirability and skill. Many #1 draft picks go on to earn the Most Valuable Player Award, play in an All-Star Game, or are Hall of Famers. Let’s take a look at the colleges with most NBA players chosen first in the draft

At least one player from each of the following colleges has been selected #1. And while Duke and Kentucky tie with total NBA players, there’s a clear winner when it comes to #1 draft picks, as shown in the following table.

School #1 Draft Pick Player(s) Draft
Kentucky John Wall, Anthony Davis, Karl-Anthony Towns 2010, 2012, 2015
Duke Kyrie Irving, Zion Williamson 2011, 2019
Kansas Andrew Wiggins 2014
Arizona Deandre Ayton 2018
Washington Markelle Fultz 2017
LSU Ben Simmons 2016
Memphis Derrick Rose 2008
Ohio State Greg Oden 2007
Georgia Anthony Edwards 2020
Oklahoma Blake Griffin 2009
Cincinnati Kenyon Martin 2000
UNLV Anthony Bennett 2013
Utah Andrew Bogut 2005
Oklahoma State Cade Cunningham 2021

Consider this a win for Wildcats basketball. Kentucky boasts three first draft picks—all within the past 20 or so years—and more than any other NCAA college in the U.S. John Wall was drafted first to the Washington Wizards while Anthony Davis was selected to play for the New Orleans Hornets and Karl-Anthony Towns traveled to Minnesota to play for the Timberwolves. All three of these Kentucky alumni have played in an All-Star Game or All-NBA Team.

As for Duke, Kyrie Irving and Zion Williamson were selected first in the draft. Irving was selected by the Cleveland Cavaliers and the New Orleans Pelicans had their eye on Williamson. Like Kentucky, all of the first picks from Duke earned themselves an All-Star Game or All-NBA Team spot. While two first overall draft picks came from Duke this century, Art Heyman and Elton Brand were both chosen first in their respective draft classes, though not on the map.

Finally, Kansas, LSU, Memphis, Oklahoma, Cincinnati, and Utah each had alums picked first overall. Moreover, these particular picks have all been selected at least once for an All-Star Game or All-NBA Team.

To visualize more professional basketball stats, check out NBA Finals on a Map: Most Appearances, Most Wins or WNBA Champions Mapped. Or, to see Where College Football Players Come From, check out our map of their hometowns.