Mapped: Largest Famous Protests in American History

The United States was created on the basis of protest (Boston Tea Party, anybody?). Therefore, the history of protest in America is as crucial as American football. The Constitution’s First Amendment even protects the right to free speech and assembly.

As the U.S.’s population has increased, so too have the sizes of protests. Let’s take a look at the various types of political protests, the 10 protests with participants in the millions (like the 2020 United States racial unrest), and, of course, their locations.

View Famous Protests in American History in a full screen map

The map displays data from Wikipedia’s List of protests in the United States by size. We divided them into 12 categories, such as gender, race, and war.

Overview of the Types & Years of Famous Protests

From climate change to war, race, and gender, among others, there have been many instigating factors for the 23 most famous—and largest—U.S. political protests. Which types of protests occurred the most? See the breakdown below.

  • Gender-related protests (4)
  • Climate change (3)
  • Race (3)
  • War (3)
  • Sexual orientation (2)
  • Gun violence (2)
Photo of Million Women’s March Chicago by bradhoc
Photo of Women’s March Boston Jan 2017 by Ryan Dorsey

Other types that appeared within the history of protest in America include abortion, Armenian genocide, organized labor, political figure scandal, satire, and trade. Each has been represented by one protest throughout the years.

Years of Famous Protests

Speaking of years, what timetable are we looking at with these protests?

As you can see, the most famous protests are pretty recent, the oldest being the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. But protests still occurred 100 years ago, just on a smaller scale. Older protests can be found on the map of major 1917 events along with those from 1918, 1919, and 1920. Now that we have a better understanding of the types and years of these famous protests, let’s take a look at the largest.

The 10 Largest Protests by Participants

The 1995 Million Man March (8th largest) saw the National Park Service and event organizers disagree over attendance. Ever since, official crowd estimates have relied on an amalgam of police data, organizer estimates, crowd scientist research, and journalists.

Now, all 23 well-known protests of America’s history had at least 40,000 protesters in attendance. However, several drew even larger crowds: think millions of participants. Below are the 10 protests with the most participants.

Protest City Estimated participants
2020 United States racial unrest Nationwide 15,000,000-26,000,000
2017 Women’s March Nationwide 3,300,000–5,600,000
March for Our Lives Nationwide 1,200,000-2,000,000
2018 Women’s March Nationwide 1,500,000
#RickyRenuncia San Juan, Puerto Rico 1,100,000
March on Washington for Lesbian, Gay and Bi Equal Rights and Liberation Washington, D.C. 800,000–1,000,000
Anti-nuclear weapon march New York City 700,000–1,000,000
Million Man March Washington, D.C. 670,000–800,000
March for Women’s Lives Washington, D.C. 500,000–1,000,000
Million Mom March Washington, D.C. 750,000

The four best-attended protests in the U.S. occurred nationwide in cities across the country from Washington D.C. to Portland, Oregon. The largest of these also happens to be the most recent: the 2020 United States racial unrest, which includes multiple sub-protests like those for Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, and George Floyd, which resulted in various building and award name changes. This racial unrest went well-past September, but the map only includes those up to that month. We were curious about more of the specifics of these nationwide protests’ location, so we made a second map, displayed below.

Yet before nationwide protests became the norm, there were those held exclusively in Washington D.C., N.Y.C., or San Juan, PR. Though concentrated in one city, the six protests that included #RickyRenuncia (also known as Telegramgate, Chatgate, or RickyLeaks) drew more participants than the fifth and final nationwide protest: the March for Science, or #11.

Locations of the Nationwide Protests

Of the five nationwide famous protests in American history, only the March for Science missed the list of the top ten largest protests. However, its 395 individual protest locations nationwide did make it onto the map below.

View Nationwide Protests in a full screen map

While each of the nationwide political protests was made up of individual city protests, not every city recorded an attendance count.

Make Google Maps With Thousands of Markers

Whether it’s famous protests, the largest wildfires of the decade, or any number of important topics, you can better visualize location data with maps. And when it comes to maps, Google Maps reigns supreme.

Utilize Google Maps via BatchGeo, which uses the Google Maps Geocoding API to automatically map and display your data for free. For larger maps, a Pro plan supports up to 20,000 markers at a time (which we needed to create our second map of 2,000+). Learn more about how you can map multiple locations on Google Maps with just a few steps.

Implement Project Tracking with Excel

From never-ending email updates to last-minute finishing touches on an overdue project, you have plenty on your plate at work. No matter how you currently manage it all, Excel can be a helpful addition to your project management tool kit. The popular spreadsheet software can help keep track of important dates and which members of your team are doing what.

Be it for a one-off project or an entirely new system for your processes, let’s take a look at two of the ways Excel can help you with project tracking: a timeline for projects and a chart to visualize it all.

Excel Project Tracker

Keeping track of key dates and how long it will take to accomplish each task in a larger project is essential to ensuring it goes off without a hitch. This kind of project tracking comes easy to Excel—just start by creating appropriate column headers and then fill in the details.

Some suggested headings include:

  • Task name
  • Status
  • Who it’s assigned to
  • Start date
  • Completion date
  • Duration
  • Additional notes or comments

These headings can be as granular or big picture as you’d like. For example, some might opt for separate Internal due date and External/client due date columns. Once you choose the headings specific to your project and fill in the details, you’ve got yourself a fool-proof way of tracking your projects. However, you may wish to turn this into a more visually-pleasing way of looking at your project’s steps, as we’ll show below.

Make a PM Gantt Chart in Excel

Another way to communicate project management data? Make it visual with the help of a chart. Gantt charts are a popular option for project management purposes as they offer an easy way to schedule and track your progress. And what better place to create a chart than the same tool you use for project management? While Excel doesn’t include Gantts as a chart type, you can make one of your project tracking data with a customized Stacked Bar chart.

To start, open your Excel project tracking spreadsheet and ensure you have (or add!) separate data columns for task name and either:

  • Start date and Duration OR
  • Number of days since start date and number of days until the task is completed

Then, select only those data columns and follow the steps below.

  1. Navigate to Insert → Bar Chart → Stacked Bar
  2. Remove the Start dates’ fill by right-clicking the blue bars → Format Data Series… → Fill → No Fill
  3. Since we want the first task at the top, let’s check the box for Categories in reverse order
  4. Optional: delete the title and/or legend by clicking → Delete

The result is a beautifully formatted chart that shows your progress. Note that you can customize the colors of your chart and even save it as a template for future Gantts. But charts aren’t the only way to visualize your business data.

More Ways to Make Excel Work for Your Projects

Project management is important for any successful venture and an Excel spreadsheet is a cheap and effective place for your data. See more ways to use Excel as a PM tool. However, it’s not the only useful thing for which you can use Excel.

If your spreadsheet contains location data such as addresses, cities, states, or countries, you can also map out your data. Maps provide visual insights you may otherwise miss. Get a feel for where the majority of your markers (data points) are located, sort, group, etc. One such example applies if you send out quotes or estimates on behalf of your business. If so, you can create a proposal tracking map.

View Proposal Tracking Map in a full screen map

Your success counts on improving the percentage of proposals that are accepted, keep track of where in the world or region your proposals go, where they are most accepted, and how potential clients heard about your business. So the ability to sort by “Proposal Status” or “How They Heard About Us” is invaluable. See what you can gain from making a similar map for your business at

US National Emergencies Mapped

The novel coronavirus has plagued the world and the United States throughout 2020 and beyond. With a death count surpassing even the highest of early estimates, COVID-19 is incomparable to previous diseases. Even the most recent pandemic, 2009’s H1N1 (also known as “Swine Flu”), resulted in much fewer deaths.

But these diseases do have something in common: they each resulted in the declaration of a national emergency by the President of the United States. When this is proclaimed, the government can perform actions not normally allowed. Throughout American history, presidents have declared 69 of these emergency orders. Of these, 34 have since expired while another 35 are currently in effect, each having been renewed annually by the president.

To gain a better understanding of these emergencies, we’ll cover their eight categories, those that are current, and the presidents who declared the most. You can also view this information, and the location of each, on the map below.

View National emergencies in the United States in a full screen map

Each marker on the map comes from Wikipedia’s List of national emergencies in the U.S.. Each of these emergencies has been categorized, which you can read more about below.

National Emergency Categories

Most (46) of the U.S.’s national emergencies can be classified as sanctions (punishments one country puts on another country hoping for a change in behavior). Other common reasons for emergencies include:

  • Trade (8)
  • Military (5)
  • Arms (3)
  • Public health (2)
  • Maritime (2)
  • Economic (2)
  • Legal (1)

Only one of the eight trade emergencies has remained intact: the Continuation of Export Control Regulations. As for military emergency orders, two of the five are ongoing: one from the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the 2019 Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Southern Border of the United States. You can group the map by the rest of the national emergencies to learn more. Otherwise, let’s take a closer look at how many emergency orders remain to this day.

The 35 Current National Emergencies

“Current” national emergencies include those that were created in the same year or emergency orders from previous years the current president renewed. As of early November 2020, 34 national emergencies have ended while 35 are current. Below you’ll find the current emergency declarations, starting with the most recent.

Emergency name Date Year Category President Country
Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease COVID-19 Outbreak March 13 2020 Public health Trump US
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Associated with the International Criminal Court June 11 2020 Sanctions Trump Afghanistan
Securing the Information and Communications Technology and Services Supply Chain May 15 2019 Sanctions Trump China
Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Southern Border of the United States February 15 2019 Military Trump Mexico
Imposing Certain Sanctions in the Event of Foreign Interference in a United States Election September 12 2018 Sanctions Trump Russia
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Nicaragua November 27 2018 Sanctions Trump Nicaragua
Blocking the Property of Persons Involved in Serious Human Rights Abuse or Corruption December 20 2017 Sanctions Trump Myanmar
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Burundi November 22 2015 Sanctions Obama Burundi
Blocking Property and Suspending Entry of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Venezuela March 8 2015 Sanctions Obama Venezuela
Blocking the Property of Certain Persons Engaging in Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities April 1 2015 Sanctions Obama North Korea
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Conflict in the Central African Republic May 12 2014 Sanctions Obama Central African Republic
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine March 6 2014 Sanctions Obama Ukraine
Blocking Property of Certain Persons With Respect to South Sudan April 3 2014 Sanctions Obama South Sudan
Blocking Property of Persons Threatening the Peace, Security, or Stability of Yemen May 16 2012 Sanctions Obama Yemen
Blocking Property of Transnational Criminal Organizations July 24 2011 Sanctions Obama Mexico
Blocking Property and Prohibiting Certain Transactions Related to Libya February 25 2011 Sanctions Obama Libya
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Conflict in Somalia April 12 2010 Sanctions Obama Somalia
Continuing Certain Restrictions With Respect to North Korea and North Korean Nationals June 26 2008 Sanctions Bush North Korea
Blocking Property of Persons Undermining the Sovereignty of Lebanon or Its Democratic Processes and Institutions August 1 2007 Sanctions Bush Lebanon
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo October 27 2006 Sanctions Bush Democratic Republic of the Congo
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Undermining Democratic Processes or Institutions in Belarus June 16 2006 Sanctions Bush Belarus
Blocking Property of Certain Persons and Prohibiting the Export of Certain Goods to Syria May 11 2004 Sanctions Bush Syria
Protecting the Development Fund for Iraq and Certain Other Property in Which Iraq Has an Interest May 22 2003 Legal Bush Iraq
Blocking Property of Persons Undermining Democratic Processes or Institutions in Zimbabwe March 6 2003 Sanctions Bush Zimbabwe
Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten To Commit, or Support Terrorism September 23 2001 Sanctions Bush Afghanistan
Declaration of National Emergency by Reason of Certain Terrorist Attacks September 14 2001 Military Bush Afghanistan
Blocking Property of Persons Who Threaten International Stabilization Efforts in the Western Balkans June 26 2001 Sanctions Bush North Macedonia
Continuation of Export Control Regulations August 17 2001 Trade Bush US
Blocking Sudanese Government Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Sudan November 3 1997 Sanctions Clinton Sudan
Declaration of a National Emergency and Invocation of Emergency Authority Relating to the Regulation of the Anchorage and Movement of Vessels March 1 1996 Maritime Clinton Cuba
Blocking Assets and Prohibiting Transactions with Significant Narcotics Traffickers October 21 1995 Sanctions Clinton Colombia
Prohibiting Certain Transactions with Respect to the Development of Iranian Petroleum Resources March 15 1995 Sanctions Clinton Iran
Prohibiting Transactions With Terrorists Who Threaten To Disrupt the Middle East Peace Process January 23 1995 Sanctions Clinton Palestine
Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction November 14 1994 Arms Clinton US
Blocking Iranian Government Property November 14 1979 Sanctions Carter Iran

Of the 35 current national emergencies, seven were enacted by the recent Trump administration. That leaves 28 emergency orders in effect from past administrations the current president has continuously renewed. The oldest of these is the: Blocking Iranian Government Property (Executive Order 12170) from Jimmy Carter, who ordered the freezing of Iranian assets as part of the U.S. response during the Iran hostage crisis on November 14th, 1979.

The most recent national emergency is, of course, Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease COVID-19 Outbreak (Proclamation 9994) proclaimed by Donald Trump on March 13, 2020. Let’s see how the numbers of national emergencies of the recent president compare to his predecessors.

Presidents Who Declared the Most Emergency Orders

While ‘most national emergencies’ isn’t a typical goal of a new POTUS, there’s no denying some U.S. presidents declared more than others. And only one has proclaimed 15+ national emergencies throughout his terms. So which president was the host with the most? That honor goes to #42—Bill Clinton.

  • Clinton – 17 national emergencies
  • Bush – 13
  • Obama – 12
  • Trump – 7
  • Reagan – 6
  • Bush (H.W.) – 5

Of the 17 national emergencies Bill Clinton declared, 11 are no longer in effect. That leaves six that remain to this day. These can further be broken down into four of the national emergency categories: sanctions (11), trade (3), arms (2), and maritime (1) emergencies.

Aside from Clinton, both George W. Bush and Barack Obama declared more than ten national emergencies throughout their time in office. Two of Bush’s 13 proclamations followed the September 11 attacks. The first was the Declaration of National Emergency by Reason of Certain Terrorist Attacks on September 14 which was followed on September 23 by the Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten To Commit, or Support Terrorism. Both of these are still in effect, along with nine others.

Find More Meaning in Location Data

Each of the U.S.’s 69 Executive Orders or Proclamations were passed by the U.S. President to protect the country. Many were a result of issues inside the U.S. like Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease COVID-19 Outbreak (Proclamation 9994). However, some were in response to international incidents, i.e. Blocking Property of Persons Threatening the Peace, Security, or Stability of Yemen (Executive Order 13611).

As you saw on the map, Afghanistan and Russia were the subjects of the most emergency orders at four each while Iran was a hot topic of three. This is the sort of insight we may have missed had we just kept the data stored in Google Sheets or Excel.

When your spreadsheet contains geographic data like addresses, coordinates, or even just countries and the occasional city, how can you be expected to analyze the information? In these instances, free mapping tools like BatchGeo can help you find more meaning in your data with customizable maps.